How do I become a pilot?

Actually how many kinds of Pilot are there?

There are wide-ranged of  pilot's license, but In general, a Flight School  will provide two types of licenses when we graduated from there, there are :


PPL (Private Pilot License)

CPL (Commercial Pilot License) + Instrument Rating


Then what is the difference between the two?


PPL: Private Pilot License. 


The first license obtained by an aviator. With this license he can fly and carry passengers which he should not receive a fee. This license as well as a driver's license for car drivers. A minimum hour of flying to get PPL is 40 to 50 flight hours depending on the regulations of the country.


CPL: Commercial Pilot License.

This license obtained after getting PPL. With this license a pilot can become a professional pilot who receives a fee for his work as an aviator. Usually, it takes about 100 to 120 hours of flying to get a license depends on the state regulations.

If your objective to be a pilot is as a hobby or join in a competition only, such as only fly at weekend with personal or rented aircraft, then the license required for this kind activity is PPL only. But  if the main objective is to become a professional pilot and have a steady schedule  within  an  airline company, then you should have a CPL progressively. Keep in mind, CPL can not be obtained without having previously PPL. Like going in high school, junior high school must be passed first. In addition to CPL, you are also usually required to take an IR License (instrument rating). This is usually bundled with CPL.


Instrument Rating

This rating is in addition to PPL or CPL, the objective is to fly a plane with only oriented at instruments guide. Pointless to have your licenses if you are not able to fly your plane with low visibility and fly at an altitude that did not allow seeing land as a reference. Typically, a pilot is not allowed to fly a jet plane without an instrument rating.





After knowing what kind of license you wish to obtain, then the next question for prospective students is how to register (enroll) to a Flight School?

Before signing up, usually there are general requirements that must be met by potential applicants. These requirements include:

  1. The minimum age of 17 or 18 years for male and female
  2. Graduating high school or equivalent, and may be of any subject
  3. Height minimum requirements based on the minimum leg length. It must be at least


  1. Ideal weight based on BodyMass Index score, must be in “Average” category.
  2. No Color-Blindness in both eyes





In general, every Flight school enrollment may be different from each other. However, there is an outline of where each has similarity requirements for prospective students. The main selection process in Alfa Flying School (AFS) include:

  1. Dental check and cleaning
  2. Medical Examination (Medex)
  3. English Proficiency Test (TOEIC)
  4. Psychology Test
  5. Aptitude Test  using Simulator
  6. Academic test  - Mathematics
  7. Interview

**Selection test and Registration fee Rp 7.500.000,- (Not including Medical Examination)




Before doing medical examination, we refer the prospective students to the dental clinic for dental check and cleaning.

Family Dental Clinic

Mal Ambasador – 5th floor

Jl. Prof. Dr. Satrio, Kuningan. Jakarta Selatan



MedEx is a term of medical tests for prospective student pilot. However, MedEx is not just reserved for prospective students only, instead MedEx become routine for pilots, flight attendants / steward and flight engineer / technician in their work related to the aircraft directly. For Indonesia, MedEx implemented in the Pilot Health Clinic (Hatpen) in Kemayoran, Central Jakarta. Including foreign nationals worked above, both the flight school prospective students in Indonesia or working in the Indonesian airline, the same must carry out MedEx in Hatpen.

The following matters were examined at the time of Medex:

The things that will be done when MedEx, among others:

  1. Laboratory Check

Include blood check and urine to determine, among others, cholesterol, uric acid, triglycerides, hemoglobin, etc.

  1. Audiometry test

Sort of a hearing test. Very simple, to know if you have a normal hearing capability.

     3. Tooth health check

Quite clear. What is certain tooth should not be any of them are missing. Try patched all hollow teeth. Use of stirrup / wire allowed. As well as dentures and missing teeth are also allowed.

  1. Eye sight Check

Quite clear. The use of goggles / glasess is allowed, but with certain limitation (please confirm with Flying School to know the limits of the permissible, because each Flying School may set different standards). Lasik treatment is allowed (but for which have been or will be in LASIK should first consult with FS).

  1. X-ray Check

Radiograph (x-ray) thorax area.

  1. ECG

A kind of heart tests. You will be fitted with some wires then were told to lie down for about 15mnt. Some were asked to do a treadmill session.  This prochedure conduct to determine whether you have  any  heart disease symptom

  1. Bone structure Physical check

You will be examine in person by a doctor, during the inspection took place,. You will be asked if you have any particular experienced or accident which cause fractures or break on your bones or ankles.

  1. EEG

Reportedly EEG is to know whether we have a brain or psychiatric disorders. Your  head will be installed with wires similar like ECG procedure, you also asked to lie down during the examination, just relax, close your eyes but do not fall a sleep. If not relaxed, you may need to repeat the examination from the beginning again.

Altogether, Medex can be repeated (recheck) if found some discrepancies. For example, if proved to have abnormal level on cholesterol and uric acid, or a low hemoglobin. Also if found 2 hollow on tooth, then it must be patched. In addition, when the eye turns out found to have minus , plus or cylindrical symptoms. Doctors in hatpen then prescribe medication to be taken for two weeks and then you can come back for a recheck. For the eye, you will be required to use the glasses when recheck.


MedEx will take place in Balai Kesehatan Penerbangan (Hatpen).

Kota Baru Bandar Kemayoran Blok B-11 Kav. No. 4

Kemayoran, Jakarta Pusat 10610


The MedEx procedures usually last in a couple of hours during the day. But you must register early in the morning. Try to get there at least at 07.00 am. The results will come out within 5 working days, a shape of small yellow certificate will be issued as a proved, a 2nd class medex will valid for 12 months for a student pilot candidates.


Cost for MedEx is about Rp 2.200.000,-  (2017)


** But if the prospective students should do recheck, cost for recheck does not include in registration fee. So, prospective students must pay for their own recheck. Cost for recheck are varies since you pay based on the recheck subject only.


English Proficiency (TOEIC Test)

English Proficiency Test is a must for prospective student pilot. Most Flying School handed this test to a third party, usually to ITC (International Test Centre), the requested minimal score must be at least 400. A Certificates will be issued and it is valid for 2 years. If the applicant already had a TOEIC certificate with 400 score and is still valid,  then no need  to take the test again, simply show the certificate.

Why English isTOEIC compulsory for prospective flight school students?

The answer is simple, all manuals and textbooks of the training nearly 100%  are in English. Not to mention the flight instructor (FI) on some Flight School are foreigners. no less all instrumentation also in English, and all communications in the aviation world through Air Trafic Controller also use English as official international communicarion language, even though the pilot flew in a domestic flights.

English will become the second language for prospective student pilot or the pilot it self. So if you want to be a student pilot, remember english is not only when going on tests alone, but a mandatory language in the world of aviation.

TOEIC Test will take place in ITC (International Test Centre).

Plaza Sentral, 17th floor

Jalan Jenderal Sudirman kav. 47-48

Jakarta Selatan 12930



Psychology Test

Psikotest is the next requirement for prospective students. It Is general in nature, to know the personality of the applicant.  Must of the questions are the same as the test for CPNS in general. In addition there are also questions in an interview that analyze your aptitude. In this case is the aptitude to fly and if the student fits to become a pilot or not.


Psychology Test will take place in Lembaga Kesehatan Penerbangan Saryanto (Lakespra).

Jalan MT Haryono Kav. 41

Jakarta Selatan


This test lasts for 2 (two) days.


Academic Test

The subject for this test is only Basic Math. Academic Test will take place in Alfa Flying School, Jakarta.


simulatorAptitude Test

The aptitude test will be held in simuator, at Alfa Flying School Jakarta. The purpose of this test is to see the aptitude, passion, and potential’s prospective students when you handle the simulator.